PACT Notes – June 15th, 2017
June 9, 2017
|Lebanon City is Ensuring Tobacco-Free Parks and Playgrounds for Children|
|The American Lung Association in Pennsylvania took part in unveiling 10 new Young Lungs At Play signs at parks and playgrounds in Lebanon City. Young Lungs At Play is program that aims to help communities create tobacco-free parks, playgrounds, and recreational areas for children.
Click Here to learn more about Young Lungs At Play.
Don’t Be Fooled: E-cig Aerosol Is Not Harmless for Kids
The aerosol from e-cigarettes are far from harmless. These emissions can contain nicotine and a variety of volatile organic compounds. With this said, many Americans actually believe that e-cigarette aerosol is safe. According to a study by CDC, 40 percent of American adults believe e-cigarettes causes some or little harm to children exposed to this product’s emissions. This is alarming because children are especially vulnerable to secondhand aerosol from e-cigarettes due to their lungs not being fully developed.
Click Here to view the CDC study on “Perceptions of Harm to Children Exposed to Secondhand Aerosol From Electronic Vapor Products.”
We thank you for your continued membership on the Pennsylvania Alliance to Control Tobacco statewide coalition and dedication to protecting Pennsylvanians across the Commonwealth.
Jennifer Hobbs Folkenroth
ALAM-A Tobacco Control Team Director
ALAM-A Freedom From Smoking Master Trainer
A new report released by National Alliance on Mental Illness in Kansas highlights the return on investment of supporting comprehensive smoking cessation for the Medicaid population with behavioral health disorders. The economic impact of providing smoking cessation treatment through the Medicaid for a population of adults with particularly high smoking rates and expected healthcare expenditures-those with severe mental illness and/or a substance use disorder. Due to the high health care costs that result from smoking-related illness, reducing smoking is projected to help Kansas’ economy.
Nearly all adult smokers first try cigarettes before age 18 years, and adolescents can show symptoms of nicotine dependence within days to weeks of the onset of occasional cigarette smoking. Having a usual cigarette brand among adolescent smokers could reflect exposure and receptivity to pro-tobacco advertising and tobacco product appeal. During 2012-2016, the top three brands usually smoked by U.S. middle and high school current cigarette smokers were Marlboro, Newport, and Camel; these brands also were the top three favorite cigarette ads reported by current cigarette smokers in middle and high school in 2012. Reducing youth-oriented tobacco marketing, as part of a comprehensive approach in concert with other evidence-based strategies could help reduce the acceptability, affordability, and use of tobacco products among youth.
The American Lung Association released the results of its 16th annual State of Tobacco Control report. This report tracks progress on key tobacco control policies at the federal and state level, assigning grades based on whether laws are protecting citizens from tobacco-caused death and disease. This year’s report finds that while smoking rates are declining nationwide, progress is uneven and not all Americans are benefiting equally. The report identifies ways to protect everyone, including those historically targeted by the tobacco industry, from the harms of tobacco use and secondhand smoke. The purpose of the report is to increase knowledge about tobacco control policy and is not reflective of the life-saving tobacco prevention and cessation programs currently provided in the Commonwealth.
Approximately 3 in 10 U.S. military veterans used some form of tobacco product during 2010-2015, according to new data published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to assess the different tobacco products currently used (in the past 30 days) by U.S. veterans and non-veterans. Current use among veterans was highest for cigarettes, followed by cigars, smokeless tobacco, roll-your-own tobacco, and pipes. Because more than a third of active duty military who smoke started after enlisting, evidence-based tobacco control interventions that are effective for both current and former military members are important to reduce tobacco use among veterans.
At least three out of five people who experiment with a cigarette end up becoming daily smokers at some point, a new study finds. UK researchers analyzed responses from 215,000 people across eight surveys conducted in the UK, the United States, Australia and New Zealand that were included in the Global Health Data Exchange. Of the responses, just over 60% had ever tried a cigarette, and among those, almost 69% reported that they had gone on to become daily smokers. These high rates of smoking highlight the importance of preventing people trying cigarettes in the first place and that some of the reduction in terms of numbers of smokers in more recent years is likely aided by fewer teens trying it.
According to the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) study, teens who use e-cigarettes and other non-cigarette tobacco products report smoking cigarettes one year later. The researchers studied cigarette-smoking initiation among more than 10,000 participants. When first interviewed at ages 12-17, roughly half of the group reported that they had used e-cigarettes, hookah, snuff, or other non-cigarette tobacco products, but never cigarettes; the rest said they had always been completely tobacco-free. When re-interviewed one year later, those who reported having used a non-cigarette tobacco product were twice as likely to have smoke cigarettes during the past 30 days.
If your New Year’s resolution is to quit smoking, you’re in good company. It’s a popular goal and many people succeed. There are more former smokers in the United States-nearly 50 million-than current smokers. Planning can help make your healthy resolution a reality. Quitting smoking is challenging but it’s important to choose the best quit method for you, prepare ahead and change your routines, let others help you and lastly talk to your doctor or health care provider.
Since the states settled their lawsuits against the major tobacco companies in 1998, annual reports have assessed whether the states are keeping their promise to use a significant portion of their settlement funds to attack the enormous public health problems caused by tobacco use in the United States Despite receiving huge sums from the settlement and collecting billions more in tobacco taxes, the states continue to shortchange tobacco prevention and cessation programs that we know save lives and money. For fiscal year 2017 Pennsylvania only spent 9.9% of the CDC recommended amount on tobacco prevention and cessation programming.
Teens who use e-cigarettes are more likely to smoke tobacco cigarettes later on-but the opposite wasn’t true, found a new long-term study that surveyed high school students over three years. Researchers surveyed 1,408 Connecticut high school students three times, in autumn 2013, spring 2014 and autumn 2015, about their use of e-cigarettes and traditional tobacco cigarettes within the past month. Teens who reporting smoking tobacco cigarettes in 2013 or 2014 were no more likely to use e-cigarettes over the next two years than those who didn’t smoke any cigarettes. The authors recommend that more research investigate what might explain the increased risk of smoking among teens who use e-cigarettes when the opposite doesn’t occur.